Interesting discussion. Norbert, I appreciate your point about using ratings to steer expectations away from hard stats because of the range of outcomes in the sim, But using one season's worth of stats per player suggests that the range should be close to that season's range of performance. When defensive settings are "right" to contain Rudi Johnson, or certainly Jim Brown, one still anticipates most outcomes will mimic the results when real-world defenses keyed on them. If they don't, that would be a flaw in the sim. If they do, that's a more direct measure than ratings.