I see more and more people with misconceptions on what usage is and what it does. The possession penalty thread is loaded with 10 pages of crap people have to sift through, so I thought I'd make a new thread dedicated to this particular issue.
Usage is one of the most complex stats in this sim and is one of the things I see asked about most often. Even people who think they have a good handle on it often have the wrong idea. So let's start with the first question most people ask when they come to this site:
What is Usage%?
From the knowledgebase:
Usage% is the player's possessions (FGA + FTA * 0.44 + Turnovers) per minute as a percentage of his real-life team's possessions per minute. This value indicates how often a player either shot the ball, drew a foul, or turned the ball over. The SimEngine uses this value in relation to the other 4 players on his team to determine how often each player gets the ball.
So, with this in mind, the higher the usage of a player, the greater the CHANCE your team's possession in this sim will end with that player making a FG attempt, getting fouled or turning the ball over. With that in mind, you probably want to make sure your highest usage players are your most efficient offensive players (shoot a high fg%, get to the line a lot, and don't turn the ball over as much. Example: 89-90 Michael Jordan).
Also keep in mind that there will only be so many possessions in a basketball game. It is a flat-out waste to draft way more possessions than you can ever use in a game, so you're better off spending some of that money on lower usage guys who specialize in other areas (rebounds!) that can help you.
So how much usage is too much? How much do you need?
The first thing you have to realize is that total usage% means almost nothing. You can't just add up the five players on the floor's usage and have it right. It's not that simple. Usage is broken up into different tiers that give different point values. Here is that table:
Tier 1: Usg% >= 32.5 = 8 points
Tier 2: Usg% 27.2 To 32.5 = 6 points
Tier 3: Usg% 22.1 To 27.2 = 4 points
Tier 4: Usg% 17.5 To 22.1 = 2 points
Tier 5: Usg% 13.7 To 17.5 = 1 point
Tier 6: Usg% < 13.7 = 0.5 points
That table will be extremely useful to you when building your own teams and analyzing other teams. It's a good idea to just memorize it. Now here's how to use it: Take your five players on the floor and find out which tier they fall into. Add up the POINTS. This is what's important.
Now before I go any further, you have to know what a possession penalty is. There are two kinds of possession penalties
. When a team gets into a possession penalty situation, their players don't shoot as good and they turn the ball over more often. The same thing happens to a player when they get into the individual possession penalty. So how do you avoid these penalties?
Well the team possession penalty is the easy one to avoid. All you need is 10 usage points on the floor to avoid it.
That's it. So you can literally have one guy with 32.5% usage or higher on the floor with 4 specialists who have a usage of 13.7% or lower and not hit the team possession penalty.
That was easy! But wait... with that low of total usage points, the number of possessions each player gets in the sim will be much higher than they got in real life. This sets off an individual player possession penalty. So you need more than 10 usage points.
What is the ideal number? That's a good question. Let me say that I have won championships with both too few and too much usage, so it's not the end of the world if you don't follow everything exactly. But to do that, you have to be dominate in all other areas. So it's a good idea to have enough usage to make up for those potential problems.
I have found that there is a significant increase in positive player production when running with at least 12 total usage points from 10. I have found that I really like the number 14.5 usage points. I've had the most offensive success (both in fg% & turnovers) with that number. However, this is something I'm always testing. Once you get to more than 16, you start flirting with wasting salary on possessions players won't ever have.
Therefore, you want to aim for 12 to 15 total usage points between your starters.
Try and get backups in the same usage tier as the starter they replace and you won't ever have a problem with possession penalties.
I hope this helps. I'll be glad to take any questions or discuss anything below!
UPDATE: I wondered if fatigue and/or playing a guy out of position messed with his usage like it does his other stats, so I asked admin.
|8/7/2012 9:48 AM
Usage rate is not affected by position effectiveness or fatigue.
There you go. So that barely tier-2 guy that's fatigued is still giving you tier-2 like production - and helping you avoid both possession penalties.